June 27, 2022

Colonial Government

Colonial Gold Coast

RAILROAD

Proposed Projects: UNCOMPLETED

Five uncompleted railroad routes

First, the Cape Coast–Kumasi line (1873) was proposed to link the capital of Cape Coast to Kumasi, sending troops to fight the Asante.

This project was dropped because the war came to an abrupt end in 1874.

Second, Governor Griffith wanted a central line from Saltpond to Kumasi (1893), in order to tap the palm oil areas and link the coast to Kumasi.

Third  Projects were suggested with two different sets of termini: Apam–Kumasi and Accra–Kumasi. A conference was to be held in London to discuss the proposals, but Maxwell died before reaching London.

Fourth Governor Hodgson favoured Accra, but thought that the line should instead be built to Kpong. He retired in 1904, before work began, and was replaced by Governor Rodger

 

RAILROAD

Proposed Projects: COMPLETED

Four completed railroad routes

Governor Maxwell built the Western Line: 1901 and 1903 - Sekondi to  Kumasi.

Governor Rodger built the Eastern Line: 1908 and 1923 - Accra to Kumasi.

Tafo-Kumasi line built in 1923

Huni Valley-Kade line built in 1927

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ROAD NETWORKS

Proposed Projects: COMPLETED

Trunk Roads construction started in 1924, - The Tarmet Program

Trunk roads lead to and from the cocoa and timber belts.

SCHOOLS

1529 - 1800s Elmina castle education - Portuguese - Catholic Education

In 1831 treaty that renegotiated relations among the Asantes, British and Danes,  two Asante royal youth, Owusu Ansa and Owusu Nkantabisa

 

1841 - The first Wesleyan (Methodist) school was at the Cape Coast Castle.

The Rev Thomas B. Freeman reported that nine Wesleyan mission schools had been opened by 1841—six for boys and three for girls

1848 - The Presbyterian College of Education, Akropong

The Basel missionaries trained teachers, used the schools as agency for the spread of Christianity, and published an elementary grammar book and dictionary in the local Akan language.

 1850s - Aburi Girls and Christiansborg  Castle Schools

The Basel missionaries had boarding schools at Christiansborg and schools on the Akuapem Ridge, including one for girls at Aburi.

1910 - 1957 -  The Catholic Church started missionary activities in the country's northern territories from 1910 and built prestgious schools and colleges prior to 1957.


Schools established by secular as well as the various Christian denominations included many prestigious institutions, such as Achimota College, Adisadel College, Aggrey Memorial College, Mfamtsipim School, Wesley Girls School, St. Augustine College, Prempeh College, Ghana National College, and several Presbyterian institutions in the Akuapem and Kwahu regions.

 

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